Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Local stories - some of the history...

I spent a lovely day at Ohaaki Marae (with some colleagues), learning about the local stories of Ngāti Tahu-Ngāti Whaoa...

The Māori of the valley decended from the Arawa tribe. The Ngāti Whaoa moved inland from Maketu to Wai-O-Tapu (Māori for "sacred waters") and the Paeroa Hills.

Ngāti Tahu maintain a separate identity, but they have also been described as subtribe of Ngāti Tuwharetoa (who originally lived in the Kawerau area). His people are descended rom both Te Arawa and Mataatua (particularly Ngāti Awa ancestors). 

From the earliest times the Waikato valley near Orakei Korako was occupied by Maori of the Ngāti Tahu.

The names of the meeting houses of Ngāti Tahu Marae reflect their tribal history. Te Ohaaki is the parent marae and the meeting house is called Tahumatua, after their eponymous ancestor. Ohaaki has many claims to fame. It has unlimited supplies of hot water and steam and had one of the biggest and most beautiful thermal hot pools in the Rotorua-Taupo region. Unfortunately, the natural features at Ohaaki have been irreparably damaged by development for power generation.

The Paeroa ranges had once been occupied by the Tribe of Whaoa and at Waitawhero a meeting house was built which was named Whaoa. The south of Mangakara was once occupied by the Ngāti Tahi Tribe and north it was occupied by the Whaoa Tribe. 

Learning a Waiata...

E ngā iwi
E ngā mātā waka
E ngā hau e wha
Anei rā
Ko tāhū whaoa
E tū atu nei
Kia whakatau i a koutou
I te nei ra
Tū mai rā Paeroa
Hei whakaruru hou
Mo te
Hui aroha


Glossary of word meanings:
iwi - people / tribe
mātā waka - every 'waka'
hau - wind
anei ra - here we are
whakatau - informal greeting
I te nei ra - on this day
Paeroa - long ridge
hei - as
whakaruru hou - shelter
mo - for
te - the
hui - gathering

This day contributed in developing a deeper understanding of culturally responsive and relational pedagogy




~ He aha te mea nui o te ao, he tangata he tangata he tangata (What is the most important thing in the world, it is the people, the people, the people.) - Māori proverb ~

Monday, June 18, 2018

Anxiety, Learning and Behaviour

This was an interesting workshop that challenged thinking and perceptions.

Notes:
Each person comes to school with their own Thoughts, Emotions, Perspective from home. This is the case for both teachers and students...

Anxiety can start when having to deal with above

Anxiety – look at yourself first and how you cope with this, keep energy up. What can I do to fill my bucket at the end of the day. Know about mindfulness. If a teacher’s anxiety is going up, it will escalate the anxiety of the student. Look at the development of the brain – look at impact of trauma, neglect… they influenced development.

Brain development starts with:
Brainstem    -     Safety
Midbrain     -      Movement
Limbic         -     Emotions
Cortex          -     Learning

When students do not feel safe, they might make noise and be disruptive so they can be send out. They then they might feel safe as they are not subjected to the learning (which they might be scared of).

If a student is constantly anxious – it can be something specific...

Your anxiety can cause the student’s anxiety. Stay calm and talk in a calm voice.  When a student does not react, it might be their brain telling them "I am in danger" and that is why they might not react / respond. Unfortunately, a teacher / adult might perceive it as being defiant.

Acknowledge the feeling, but know how to cope with it. What strategy can be used to cope with feelings?
- Anti-anxiety activities: breathing exercises
- Get students to know to just breathe, will make them feel better
- Also, think how well you know this specific student.

Try and capture the right moment to help the student cope with strategies about what we do when not feeling well. Use the right vocabulary – don’t confuse angry with not happy.

Maybe do whole class teaching for coping strategies, step-by-step. Mentally visualizing working through the anxiety. Talk about what it might look like / feel like.

Know what emotions look like. Get students to act out – look up on internet.

Often an anxious student just needs time… but let them know you will be coming back to them. Difficult for anxious child to be put on the spot, speak up in class in front of everyone or even give an answer.

Often when a child is anxious, a parent will have it to. A dad might be aggressive because they are anxious. Women can cry. Get the parent to practice handling feeling and emotions with their child at home. Exercise help for unsureness- suggest they take a walk together each day. There will be more success when including the parent.

Diagnoses just gives us a bit more knowledge about the child, it is not the end of all.

Teach the ‘Worry Tree’ Problem solving technique...

The Helicopter view – teach kids to look at something with a 'bird’s eye view' and not ‘close up’. Look at something differently. What am I reacting to? What does this situation mean to, or say about, me? What's the worst thing about thinking that, or about the situation?


Resource:
Lots of ideas and metaphors on www.getselfhelp.co.uk




~ "Affirmations for Anxiety: This is only temporary; I am in control; I can take things one step at a time; Anxiety does not define me" - Anonymous ~

Monday, May 14, 2018

Digital Citizenship & Cyber Safety

Leading today's staff meeting around Digital Citizenship and Cyber Safety, I talked about what we will be looking at achieving...

1. To become more informed and vigilant
  • Only identify students by first name on ePortfolios and if it can be helped at all, don’t have a name by a photo, rather have more than one student in the photo.
  • Teacher to moderate posts
  • Search yourself online and see what comes up...

2. Teachers to focus on guiding and supporting students with having a safe, positive and creative online behaviour / Teachers should MODEL
  • No passwords printed out to be displayed / laying around
  • Teachers and student user agreements (log out of emails / accounts)
  • Check out the Finesse with ICT site that I’ve compiled and shared in the Team Drive for lots of things around ICT
3. Deliberate teaching of Digital Citizenship / CyberSafety

4. Photos / Pictures and Copyright
  • A lot of times, students and teachers use pictures / photos from Google images. They all state ‘images may be subject to copyright’. Teach students not to use this. 

How do you know if you can use an image from Google Images?
  • Find images, text, and videos you can reuse
  • Go to Advanced Image Search for images or Advanced Search for anything else. However, often they are still ‘maybe subjects to copyright’
  • In the "all these words" box, type what you want to search.
  • In the "Usage rights" section, use the drop-down to choose what kind of license you want the content to have.
  • Select Advanced Search.
A place to access safe images that are available to be used in the classroom and for educational purposes is http://photosforclass.com/ and citations are watermarked onto downloaded images.




~ "It's imperative for us to model digital citizenship to even our youngest learners." 
- Beth Holland ~

Saturday, May 5, 2018

Learning in a Digital World

I have been delighted to hear that I have been successful in my application for a grant after completing a 200 words impact statement for a Robotics Kit to enable a group of selected students of our school to participate in the 2018 FIRST LEGO League, which is a project-based, STEM education program. My aim with this is to engage our students and to get them excited about learning through robotics, whilst also immersing them in the world of technology. Our students will learn to participate in real-life, hands-on activities which has been designed to develop critical thinking, creative problem solving, collaboration and teamwork - all skills that are needed to be successful in the today's world.

One of our teachers, Matua Mel agreed to being the team coach / mentor. I will assist as 2nd coach / mentor as and when needed.
Matua Mel and I are excited to join our students on their learning journey!



~ "The most important principle for designing lively eLearning is to see eLearning design not as information design but as designing an experience". - Cathy Moore ~

Thursday, May 3, 2018

Nathan Wallis workshop on 'The Developing Brain'

Nathan explained to us how the brain works and how neuro- science can better inform our day to day interactions with children and young people. Advances in scanning technologies during the 1990's allowed us to understand the workings of the brain like never before.
What the research says:
- the first three years ARE the most important
- how intelligent you are isn’t your genes (previously the assumption was genes were for intelligence)
- the growth of the frontal cortex is experience dependent

What you experience for the first 1000 days of your life is probably what you will be experiencing for the rest of your life... (a child uses their first 1000 days to gather data to work out what sort of brain it needs to get through the rest of life). The more minutes a child sees his mum’s (or main carer’s) face in front of them, the brainier they will be. A first born child will always get most of this.

Humans have four brains. The human brain mediates our movements, our senses, our thinking, feeling and behaving.
Brain #1(Brainstem) is the most basic part of the brain and ensures survival (fight / flight / freeze). Survival is the most important. The brainstem controls heart rate, body temperature and other survival-related functions. It also stores anxiety or arousal states associated with a traumatic event. 
Brain #2 (Midbrain) is about movement. Together brains #1 & #2 is the reptilian brain. (that’s all a reptile has).
Brain #3 (Limbic) stores emotional information. Mammals have brains #1, #2 & #3 (it's about survival, movement and emotion).
Brain #4 (Cortical) controls abstract thought and cognitive memory; planning for the future, empathy and imagination. (The part of the brain that does all the “flash stuff.” - language, abstract, thought, imagination, consciousness. Only humans have brains #1, #2, #3 & #4. This is when you are doing something that a mammal can't do, for example ask: "Can the dog do it?" If the answer is yes, it’s not the front cortex). 
The brain is geared to react to negative feedback, because negative feedback links to survival. Positive feedback doesn’t threaten survival. We need to understand that the Brainstem (survival brain) is always in charge, not the Cortical (learning brain). The survival brain gives permission for learning - so one can learn, but the second your brain "flips" to survival you can’t learn. Survival always wins (fight / flight / freeze). Therefore, to really be using your cortex, your brain-stem needs to be calm...

Effects of Trauma, abuse and neglect on the developing brain...
An orphanage child will have an aroused Brainstem for three hours between feeds. When a child in a caring ["normal"] home cries, someone comes, they get food, a cuddle and in 2 minutes they relax. It is biologically impossible to over-spoil a child under 18 months. If they are comforted, looked at /after and cuddled, the more of a sensory system they will have for stress. This, as a result will set them up for dealing with stress later.  
 

Children have to play up to 7 years of age, otherwise you kill their creativity. Free play is thus not a waste of time. Unfortunately, teaching in the traditional sense interrupts free play. Teaching kids by taking them away from free play will dumb them down.


Other resources:
The First 1000 Days | Johan Morreau | TEDxTauranga: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1slVo3BNtM

Brain Development and Learning by Nathan Mikaere- Wallis:
http://wikieducator.org/Professional_Inquiry/Nathan_Mikaere_Wallis

The crucial dyad relationship for infants | Nathan Wallis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UWbCnv1vno

Teenage brain under the microscope: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaK48oxpSpM

We're not set by our genes | Nathan Wallis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pTk0uZ3pZrI



~ "The six-year old that has "supposedly wasted all of their time playing, with no direct instruction at all from parents or teachers, will according to research be higher qualified, earn more money and be happier." - Nathan Wallis, The Developing Brain ~

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

The Need for Change

Back in 2017, Hon Nikki Kaye, @nikkikaye said "Digital fluency is now an essential life skill for our young people, so we must ensure they have the skills and knowledge they need to engage in an increasingly digital world." Personally, as Assistant Principal, ICT Lead and teacher, I have been excited about the announcement of this whole 'digital shakeup' for our NZ school curriculum. This change was needed for our education system and has made me carefully considering my goals in my respective areas of responsibility. I wrote a blog post after attending one of the Digital Technologies / Hangarau Matihiko (DT&HM) Consultation workshops in 2017 in which I've added some valuable links.

Anand Timothy, eLearning Enthusiast and co-founder and Director: Business Development at eNyota Learning, also wrote: "Technology is making our world more interesting… it is changing our perspectives… it is redefining previous definitions of normal. Technology has become the great disruptor; the magic wand that gives us the power to make or do things that were previously unthinkable."

One thing that makes me cringe lately, is when I read comments from educators who talk about how they hear and read about research that is warning educators about the effects of 'screen time' on our students....
It makes me wonder how many educators are aware that Computer Science can also be taught through engaging games and puzzles that use cards, string, crayons and lots of running around (no 'screen time'!). This can then be integrated into the curriculum through activities and exercises.

I also feel a bit frustrated, when people make comments like "this is a separate digital curriculum" and "we already do this at our school"... hmm, yes, but there is so much more to the [new] DT&HM curriculum...
In my humble opinion, I do not see this as a separate digital curriculum. In fact, the re-organised Technology learning area still has the three strands of Technological Practice, Technological Knowledge, and Nature of Technology. The only difference is that there is now five technological areas instead of three. The new content covers Computational thinking for digital technologies and Designing and developing digital outcomes as Progress Outcomes.

I can fully understand that there are [some] uncertainty, hopes and fears about what this means for schools from 2018 onward. However, there are opportunities to upskill... one such opportunity came through the 'Digital Passport' created by The Mind Lab by Unitec "which empowers teachers in New Zealand to realise the opportunities of the new digital curriculum and bring 21st century skills to today’s students."

I gained some valuable insights after completing two of the Workshops, but do not consider myself an expert now. However, I truly believe that your attitude determines your direction... what you do with this [new] exciting change is up to you, my quest for knowledge will carry on... and I will guide my school colleagues along on their journey to the best of my abilities.




'The Tweet'



References:
NZN. Major education shake-up as schools shift to digital focus, Retrieved from: Newshub 

Timothy, A (2016). How Technology Benefits Learning. Article written for eLearning Industry

The Mind Lab (Monday 19 March). New education platform empowers Kiwi teachers in the 21st century, Retrieved from their Media release



~ "People who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do." - Steve Jobs ~

Monday, April 16, 2018

Seesaw... no turning back!

Although I've always aimed for my students to have a digital portfolio (trialling and using many different platforms in the past), I had not been convinced that Seesaw was the way to go.... BUT oh boy, was I wrong! Seesaw is an excellent platform for housing student work and sharing it with parents. The feedback and communication is instant.

The Ministry of Education have seven key principles (Ako, Focus and coverage, Foundations for learning, Student responsibility, Motivation, Technologies, Checking in with parents) that guide effective reporting and information sharing. After using Seesaw for almost 3 months now, I already recognise the benefits of this student-driven digital portfolio and I believe that if Seesaw is being used effectively it has all the tools to fulfill this MOE 'requirement'. Hence (after having a chat with my favourite online mentor Sonya, @vanschaijik) my decision to apply to become a Seesaw Ambassador to support teachers [further] with integrating technology effectively into their teaching and to serve as an expert resource to other teachers, by sharing how I use Seesaw in my class.

I love that I can create and assign activities for my students when planning 'lessons', but that is not all... students can post to their journal and reflect on their learning instantly! It also gives me insight into their understanding and enable me to track progress over time. Parents can also look back at all the learning that their child added to their journal and see how much has been learned. This 'tracking' can easily be done when using folders when posting.

Some examples of how I have been using Seesaw with 5 year olds:
1. Goal Setting and Reflection...

2. Reading / Phonics / Sightwords...

3. Writing...

4.  Maths...

5. Discovery / STEAM / Key Competencies

6. Some others...

The Values that Seesaw stands for speak for itself... 

Therefore, I consider myself lucky and feel proud to be part of the Seesaw family...

Reference:



~ "It's more important than ever that educators collaborate to continually improve and support the success of each learner." - Dr. Gene Carter, CEO and Executive Director of ASCD ~

Friday, March 23, 2018

Difference, Difficulty or Preference... The Power to Decide (SENCo Workshop)

As part of my SENCo role, I felt it is important for me to learn more about working with students with specific learning differences and how to be able to identify these students more accurately. 

Raising Achievement in at risk students and setting them up for success:

Although there are many success stories, 'good outcomes' does not always happen for kids with 'problems'. Unfortunately, teachers are not trained to look for learning difficulties. Traditional teaching is auditory which does not help, these kids need kinesthetic learning.

Assessment [for at risk students] shows the following:
- Adequate intelligence
- Literacy underachievement
- A range of undiagnosed learning difficulties / disabilities
- Unaddressed barriers to learning
- Learning styles are not readily catered for in our mainstream education system

In any given classroom there are different groups of learners...

1st Wave Learners: These are the students that learn easily and who hardly need a teacher. Our job is to put opportunities and resources in front of them and they are off.

2nd Wave Learners: The majority of our students lays here. The may be a bit above average, intelligent or they may be achieving even 6 - 18 months below their chronological age. Given all the good things we do in education, they will achieve quite nicely with the programmes, resources and teacher capability we have and they will reach their chronological age quite easily.

3rd Wave Learners: Students with things like dyslexia, dyspraxia, children who are on the autistic spectrum (Asperger's are part of the autistic spectrum) and ADHD. Not that ADHD is regarded as a learning disability, but often children with ADHD also have a learning difficulty and remediation for ADHD is similar to the other groups. The other ones to consider here are the auditory and visual processing disorders.
Underpinning Cognitive weaknesses (how brain process things - visual processing issues), Auditory (hearing fine, but how brain process) - hear things in the wrong order and write in the wrong order. Say words wrong. Phonological is the part what these kids struggle with.
Working memory important (kids who did not have this will have trouble in literacy and numeracy) - cognitive testing - processing in the head takes much longer.

4th Wave Learners: These are students with perhaps major auditory / visual type problems, major physical difficulties, intellectual difficulties and we also have our behavioural initiative in here. They are looked after Special Education teams, MOE and Special Education.  

Looking at the role of a SENCo:

Dyslexia:
Reading is a very difficult task for these students. We participated in a 'simulated' reading task... (note: put the two lines together and try to read it... you have to think if letters are p, b, d, etc). This is how a dyslexic student might see reading...

Currently the best means for identification of dyslexia type difficulties are tests of Phonological Processing. (Tunmer & Chapman 2005)

Something to think about:
50% of people with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) might also have dyslexia. There are 3 types of ADHD 
- inattentive type: getting distracted, having poor concentration and organizational skills
- hyperactive-impulsive type: never seeming to slow down, talking and fidgeting, difficulties staying on task; interrupting, taking risks
 - combination type (when student behave one day and another not - chemical imbalance)

Tips: 
- Print on pastel colours when making copies for dyslexic students - white page is not desirable. 
- See the ability, not the need... (show students photos of famous people with dyslexia)
                   
Dyslexia... Disability? Difficulty? Difference? or Preference? "STOP" before we label! Understand dyslexia as a learning preference.

Strengths of Dyslexic learners:
- Often imaginative, creative, lateral thinkers who develop original solutions to problems.
- Have an ability to think in pictures, sometimes with strong artistic talent and often with a strong visual preference for information acquisition and processing.
- Many are socially and verbally able and may enjoy drama and sport

Limitations / Difficulties of Dyslexic learners:
- Unexpected problems - literacy / numeracy (e.g. can't transfer skill from adding to subtraction)
- Require special ways of teaching to minimise problems and maximise potential
- Vulnerable as learners when reading and spelling is allowed to detract from information processing, core thinking skills and knowledge acquisition.
- Thinking ability is good or better than peers.
- Writing is the ptoblem

No dyslexic case is the same and there is no cure for it. Dyslexia can be improved by teaching students skills and strategies to use, when putting accommodations in place. Make students aware of what they get distracted with.
Accommodations can include:
- Create and model a supportive classroom environment that recognises and accepts difficulties
- Invite students to read, but allow them to pass in a group or class situation
- Set up paired reading activities (Buddy Reading / Tuakana-Teina)
- Use I.T.
- Give information auditorally as well and not just on paper

Developing Best Policy and Practise:
Recognising Dyslexia Type:
- Family history
- Early to walk, may not crawl
- Dressing skills
- Performance inconsistency
- Quick thinker, but not necessarily when given instructions
- Possible enhanced creativity
- Aptitude for construction / technical toys
- Appears bright, but is an enigma

Multisensory is important and we need to look at it from all perspectives: Kinesthetic (37%), Auditory (34%), Visual (29%). These have to be in place for 3rd Wave Learners. We know now that it is not true when people say "I learn better visually", as learning is not just 'in a box'.

Dyslexic students' - not brain compatible and some times need up to 49x repetition -> look at different learning styles. Should train T/A's to do the repetition, use computer programmes to back up what's been taught, using peers. Based on diagnostic evidence - important to know what the gaps are.


Reading Strategies:
- 1-1 tutor reading programmes
- Provide parent training and reading support at home
-  Give 1-1 reading opportunities as often as possible

Spelling and Writing Accommodations:
- Organise a scribe
- Set up shared writing
- Encourage mind maps, story boards, flow charts
- Mark for content and ideas

Metacognitive Strategies Writing:
- Scaffolding
- Moving from dependence to independence

Minimise fears of how to start:
- Give paragraph starters
- Offer to act as a scribe
- Give sentence starters and key words
- Accept work in different form

My Next Steps:
- Learn more / Upskill myself
- Give more opportunities to work with strengths. Set them up for success and focus on what they are doing right.
- Get T/A's trained to help raise achievement
- Look at integrated reading, writing and spelling programme 'Alpha to Omega' (can be used up to age 15 years). This a a programme that can be used in a class with all children. It fits all the criteria for 3rd Wave programmes. At the beginning of the book is an assessment where you can assess where children are with spelling and phonemic awareness and identifying any learning gaps there might be, which will give you a starting place to work from. This is a fantastic resource to use as it teaches you step by step as many teachers have not been trained in specifically development stages of learning or even knowing which areas comes first.
- Setting students up for success - look in to HPP programme and JOST

Remember:
- It is important to keep in mind that it is not just 'mainstream' students we are working with... some students have underpinning cognitive weaknesses that need addressing before academic learning can take place.
4D New Zealand model: "Get it right for dyslexia and we get it right for all"



~ "Learning is NOT the product of teaching. Learning is the product of the activity of learners." - John Holt ~

Friday, March 9, 2018

A first opportunity to meet as a CoL

This was our first opportunity to meet as a group of Principals, Teachers and Support Staff as a community of learners to strengthen connections, share positive practices and to deepen our understanding of the 'Teaching as Inquiry' process.


Part 1 - Analyse current TAI: (school group)
My thinking:
- Interesting read: Deepen Teacher Inquiry

Part 2 - Envision creative possibilities for students to expand their Oral Language/Writing: (mixed group)


My thinking:
1. Greetings – Encourage students to greet each other by name, shake hands, sing, clap, and
learn greetings in different languages. 
2. Sharing – Similar to “show and tell,” allow students to share activities and respond to classmates’ questions
3. Daily Oral Language ...Everyone participates in singing, chanting, games, and so forth
4. Word Wall. ...
5. Nursery Rhymes / Poems / Speeches and “Take A Stand” activities. ...
6. Listening Activities. ...
7. Storytelling is a creative way to build oral language skills. Provide students with a sentence that is the beginning of a story; for example, "The boy who lived next door had a very strange pet." Have students complete the story, and then retell in their own words. Focus on the sequence of events and sentence structure. Remember to wait patiently while students put thoughts together, and praise students’ efforts to use new words and sentence patterns 
8. Sorting. - Students work together to group, or sort, words based on commonalities such as word beginnings or endings, vowel sounds, parts of speech, rhymes, meanings, or some other common feature. Students may compare, contrast, or identify similarities while building automatic recognition of words, thus promoting fluent reading and writing. 
9. Sentence starters - “Describe a time when you (blank—ex, urged) someone to (blank).” What happened?
10. Sequencing - Students frequently have difficulty following the sequence of events in a story/passage. The following activity can help pupils become familiar with the concept of sequence:
• Retell several familiar stories such as "The Three Little Pigs", "Snow White", etc.
• Purposely misread, mix up, or omit items and events. Give students the opportunity to correct you.
11. Tongue Twisters are great for practicing articulation, and fun, too.  eg. Super thick sticky tape; She  sells seashells by the sea shore; Sly Sam sips Sally’s soup.

Remember:
Good oral language communication activities should be two-way, ongoing, comprehensible, instructional, and enjoyable.

- My PD in 2017: Language and Learning

Part 3 - Refining and Forming direction for TAI: (school group)

Next Steps:
- Check out Oral progression matrix on TKI
- Check out talk moves (for maths) use it in circle time (DCIM FB page). If kid did not know what was said, they should say I don’t know and ask someone to explain it again
- Engage in discussion and kids and ask them what they are doing and what it is about
- Get kids to clap a poem. (Note: if they are unable to clap in time… that is indication / evidence that they [might] have oral language problems)
- Check out learning maps for kids to talk about their learning



~ "Our job is not to prepare students for something. Our job is to help students prepare themselves for anything." - A.J. Juliani ~